With more than 700,000 schools, India has a lot of work. Even though Indian schools have been getting better, many parents still choose to send their kids to private schools. Only 70% of children old enough to go to school go to public schools. Even so, only about half of Indian children go to school. Even though registration is required, going to school isn’t usually enforced.
Whether you’re stirring to India to start a business, get a new job, or start over, it’s essential to know how the school system works and how it will affect your family. This guide explains the different levels of education in India and how the school year is usually set up, and what private schools can cost.
People sometimes say that the Indian education system is a “10 + 2 + 3” system. The federal government says that this means a child has to go to school for ten years. Most kids start school in preschool when they are five years old. Students have to go to school until they are 14. After that, they can stop going if they want to.
Pre-primary and Elementary School
Students in India don’t have to go to pre-primary school, but many parents choose to send their kids anyway. Children don’t have to move to school until six years old. At that age, they start primary school.
Primary school students can go to public and private schools, but most parents send their kids to public schools because they often have better facilities than private schools. Local dialects, of which there are 122 in the country, are often taught in the first grade.
But since Hindi is the official language of India, many schools choose to teach children in that language. When scholars are in the third rank, they start learning English as a foreign language. However, this is a bit of a misnomer since English is the second official language of India.
The exact curriculum changes from grade to grade and school to school. Still, at this point, students are usually introduced to math, science, history, physical education, art, and the language arts.
In India, grade 9 is the first year of secondary school, and grade 12 is the last. The two-year middle and high school cycles are lower and upper secondary schools. Some people call these stages “Standard X” and “Standard XII.”
Secondary school is still paid for by the government and is free for parents, but older kids are more likely to go to private school than younger kids. At the end of each cycle, students must take tests to move on to the following process or college.
A typical lower secondary school curriculum has three language classes: the local language, English, and another language that students can choose. Math, social sciences, art, science, tech, and physical education are some of the other classes.
Every high school has an association with a state board, which gives high school diplomas to students who finish grade 10. Students who don’t get good enough grades in grade 10 are held back until they do. Then, students have to go to upper secondary school, where they can choose their “stream” of study.
Science, business, and the arts and humanities are examples of streams. Admission to these upper secondary schools can be pretty competitive at times, so students need to have done well in lower secondary school if they want to go to the upper secondary school of their choice.
The Higher Secondary Certificate Examination, or HSCE, is a test that students must take and pass to graduate. Even though the HSCE is the most common exam, some areas may choose to give the pupil the All India Senior School Certificate, the Certificate of Vocational Education, the Indian School Certificate, the Senior Secondary Certification, or the Intermediate Certificate.
In many parts of India, the school year starts in April and ends the following March. In other factors, the school year runs from June to May or July to May. Students have a two-week winter break in the middle of the school year and a two-month summer break. In Eastern and Southern states, educators also get a 15-day pause for Dasara in September or October and a two-week break for Xmas in December.
Many parents send their kids to public school, especially when they are young. However, ex-pat families often send their kids to international schools instead. This is helpful because when students apply to universities abroad, those schools tend to favor the curriculum of their home country. It also helps kids who have never learned Hindi or their new regional dialect before.
This may seem perfect, but it comes with a price. International schools cost between 323,000 and 1.5 million rupees per year, which is a lot of money. These fees also don’t cover uniforms, books, or boarding, which may be needed depending on where you live.
No matter why you’re moving to India, you don’t have to worry about your family’s education while you’re there. India has a lot of good schools, so you have a lot of choices. Use Wise to get a real exchange rate and avoid expensive global bank transfer fees if you decide to send your child to an international school and pay for it from your account back home.